Level. an excavation layer, which may correspond to natural strata. Levels are numbered from the top to bottom of the excavation unit, with the uppermost level being Level 1. Lithic. stone, or made of stone.
What are the three categories of Archaeology?
There are several different kinds of archaeology: prehistoric, historic, classical, and underwater, to name a few. These often overlap. For example, when archaeologists studied the wreck of the Civil War ironclad, the Monitor, they were doing both historic and underwater archaeology.
How many stages are there in Archaeology?
The Seven Stages of Archaeology.
What are the three basic stages of an archaeological study?
Generally speaking, most archaeological field investigations are a three-step process. These processes are known as Phase I (Identification), Phase II (Evaluation) and Phase III (Mitigation/Data Recovery).
What are the branches of Archaeology?
There are two main branches of archaeology: classical, or historical, archaeology and anthropological, or prehistoric, archaeology.
What is the difference between Archaeology and archeology?
Both spellings are correct, but there are some twists and turns to the answer! If you look up the word in a dictionary, you’ll find it under “archaeology” with the variant “e” spelling also listed, but you probably won’t find it under “archeology.”
What is the process of Archaeology?
Archaeology is the scientific study of the human past, through excavation and related research. Archaeological projects are conducted in a step-by-step process, much like scientific experiments.
How is Archaeology important?
Archaeology is important simply because many people like to know, to understand, and to reflect. The study of archaeology satisfies the basic human need to know where we came from, and possibly understand our own human nature.
Is Archaeology a good career?
Career Scope. India has a rich cultural heritage that’s why demand for archaeologists is higher in India. Qualified students can apply for various job profiles in government and private sectors. … Archaeology graduates have great scope in for jobs as well as research in various colleges and universities.
What is the main aim of an archaeological dig?
Archaeologists dig up and study the physical (material) remains of people who lived long ago, including their public architecture, private houses, art, objects of daily life, trash, food, and more, to answer questions about who the people were, how they lived, what they ate, and what their lives were like.
What happens on an archaeological dig?
The most dramatic changes that occurred over time is the amount of recording and care taken to ensure preservation of artifacts and features. In the past, archaeological excavation involved random digging to unearth artifacts. Exact locations of artifacts were not recorded, and measurements were not taken.
Why does it take archaeologists many years to excavate a site?
How long it takes to excavate an archaeological dig site all depends on how much cash a dig team has to get the job done. … In fact, to even begin most archaeological excavations, funding has to be in place. And the amount of money the project has in place typically determines the length of the dig, in most cases.
What are the two major areas of archeology?
This basic framework carries across many different disciplines, or areas of study, within archaeology. There are two major disciplines of archaeology: prehistoric archaeology and historic archaeology.
What are the four types of archaeological evidence?
All archaeological materials can be grouped into four main categories: (1) artifacts, (2) ecofacts, (3) structures, and (4) features associated with human activity.
What kind of jobs are there in archeology?
The roles you would be perfect for include heritage manager, museum education or exhibitions officer, museum curator, historic buildings inspector or conservation officer, archivist, cartographer, social researcher or tourism officer.