What is the process of Archaeology?
Archaeology is the scientific study of the human past, through excavation and related research. Archaeological projects are conducted in a step-by-step process, much like scientific experiments.
What are the six steps of archeology?
mapping, measuring, artifact collection, cleaning, sorting, counting and drawing of artifacts.
What are the steps involved in excavating an archaeological site?
- Digging Process.
- You must survey the site. …
- Mechanical Diggers need to be brought in if the site is big. …
- A grid of squares needs to be made to accurately map exactly where each artefact is found. …
- Once the diggers have finished removing the topsoil, it’s time to get to the real work! …
- Recording Process.
What are the different phases of excavation?
Several different processes are used in excavation, including trenching, digging, dredging, and site development. These processes will require unique techniques, tools, and machinery to get the job done right.
Do archaeologists travel?
Do Archaeologists Travel? … Archaeologists whose research areas are not near where they live may travel to conduct surveys, excavations, and laboratory analyses. Many archaeologists, however, do not travel that much. This is true for some jobs in federal and state government, museums, parks and historic sites.
How is Archaeology important?
Archaeology is important simply because many people like to know, to understand, and to reflect. The study of archaeology satisfies the basic human need to know where we came from, and possibly understand our own human nature.
What is the first step in excavation?
5 Steps to a Successful Excavation Project
- Manage erosion. …
- Observe proper site management. …
- Management of utility lines. …
- Maximize weather opportunities. …
- Maintain communication with project teams.
What are the types of Archaeology?
There are several different kinds of archaeology: prehistoric, historic, classical, and underwater, to name a few. These often overlap. For example, when archaeologists studied the wreck of the Civil War ironclad, the Monitor, they were doing both historic and underwater archaeology.
Is archeology a science?
Archaeology, archeology, or archæology is the science that studies human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains and landscapes.
What are the three methods of excavation?
Types of excavation
- 3.1 Cut and fill excavation.
- 3.2 Trench excavation.
- 3.3 Basement excavation.
- 3.4 Road excavation.
- 3.5 Bridge excavation.
- 3.6 Dredging.
- 3.7 Over excavation.
What are the three basic stages of an archaeological study?
Generally speaking, most archaeological field investigations are a three-step process. These processes are known as Phase I (Identification), Phase II (Evaluation) and Phase III (Mitigation/Data Recovery).
What is the main aim of an archaeological dig?
Archaeologists dig up and study the physical (material) remains of people who lived long ago, including their public architecture, private houses, art, objects of daily life, trash, food, and more, to answer questions about who the people were, how they lived, what they ate, and what their lives were like.
How do you calculate excavation?
So, the formula is: Ab = Wb * Lb, where Wb and Lb are the width and length of the bottom of the excavation. At = Wt * Lt, where Wt and Lt are the width and length of the top of the excavation. In our example, Wb = Lb = 5 and Wt = Lt = 15, so Ab = 5 * 5 = 25 and At = 15 * 15 = 225, and D = 5.
What is done after excavation?
After excavation, layout the foundation and backfill the remaining excavated area around foundation with soil. Floor levels of residential buildings are higher than the natural ground level. Fill the area with soil up to floor levels and compact the soil. Now earth work of residential building is finished.
What is the difference between earthwork and excavation?
This earth work may be either earth excavation or earth filling or Some times both will get according to the desired shape and level. … Basically the volume of earthwork is computed from length, breadth, and depth of excavation or filling.