Question: What is a top plan in Archaeology?

Even with very young children, the teacher should make an effort to explain the concept of a top plan (used to record the location of all artifacts in a square in every horizontal layer) and a record sheet (used to list finds, describe and possibly draw artifacts, and write comments about the objects, their context, …

What is a plan view in Archaeology?

In archaeological excavation, a plan is a drawn record of features and artifacts in the horizontal plane.

What are the main goals of Archaeology?

The goal of archaeology is to understand how and why human behavior has changed over time. Archaeologists search for patterns in the evolution of significant cultural events such as the development of farming, the emergence of cities, or the collapse of major civilizations for clues of why these events occurred.

What are the three major values of Archaeology?

Darvill identifies three types of value in archaeology: use-value (present requirements), option value (future possibilities) and existence value (‘because it is there’).

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What are the three basic stages of an archaeological study?

Generally speaking, most archaeological field investigations are a three-step process. These processes are known as Phase I (Identification), Phase II (Evaluation) and Phase III (Mitigation/Data Recovery).

What is profile drawing in Archaeology?

A profile follows the same idea as a planveiw drawing, only think of a profile like a face of a building, it is a map that shows the layering within a test unit’s walls.

What is on a site plan?

Sites plan typically show buildings, roads, sidewalks and paths/trails, parking, drainage facilities, sanitary sewer lines, water lines, lighting, and landscaping and garden elements. … A site plan is a “set of construction drawings that a builder or contractor uses to make improvements to a property.

What are the two main goals of excavation?

To determine the function of remains and reconstruct past behavior (How was it used?) To define the processes of culture to determine how and why cultures change (What was its place in a culture, and how did it change?)

How is Archaeology important?

Archaeology is important simply because many people like to know, to understand, and to reflect. The study of archaeology satisfies the basic human need to know where we came from, and possibly understand our own human nature.

What is the correct order for the process of doing Archaeology?

Archaeological Process

  1. Selecting the Site.
  2. Conducting Research.
  3. Excavating the Site.
  4. Cleaning and Cataloguing Artifacts.

What is Archaeology in simple words?

Archaeology is the study of the ancient and recent human past through material remains. Archaeologists might study the million-year-old fossils of our earliest human ancestors in Africa.

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What is the difference between Archaeology and archeology?

Both spellings are correct, but there are some twists and turns to the answer! If you look up the word in a dictionary, you’ll find it under “archaeology” with the variant “e” spelling also listed, but you probably won’t find it under “archeology.”

What are the types of Archaeology?

There are several different kinds of archaeology: prehistoric, historic, classical, and underwater, to name a few. These often overlap. For example, when archaeologists studied the wreck of the Civil War ironclad, the Monitor, they were doing both historic and underwater archaeology.

What is Seriation dating?

In archaeology, seriation is a relative dating method in which assemblages or artifacts from numerous sites in the same culture are placed in chronological order. … Seriation is a standard method of dating in archaeology. It can be used to date stone tools, pottery fragments, and other artifacts.

How is Archaeology done?

Archaeologists may simply walk across a site and carefully observe the ground, consult historic texts or maps, analyze aerial photographs or even employ satellite imagery. Archaeologists excavate sites in a scientific way with excavation units organized on a grid system, as seen in the images at left.

Archeology with a shovel