What are the four components of the archaeological record?

Components. Components of the archaeological record include: artifacts, built structures, human impact on the environment, garbage, stratigraphy, mortuary practices, plant remains, or animal remains.

What are the four types of archaeological evidence?

All archaeological materials can be grouped into four main categories: (1) artifacts, (2) ecofacts, (3) structures, and (4) features associated with human activity.

What is the archaeological record quizlet?

tangible preserved evidence of past human activities. archaeological culture. information about the past that has survived up to the present. includes materials and context in which they were found. traces of the human past, patterned by human activities and the natural environment.

What are the four main areas of research in Archaeology today?

The two most common areas of study in archaeological research today, particularly in the United States, are prehistoric and historic archaeology.

  • Prehistoric archaeology. …
  • Historic archaeology. …
  • Classical archaeology. …
  • Cultural resource management. …
  • Archaeological survey/field reconnaissance. …
  • Test excavation. …
  • Salvage excavation.
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What is the difference between archaeological data and archaeological record?

Archaeological data consists of any material remains or evidence of material remains of human activity. Archaeological record: general term used to refer to the total data from a site or and excavation.

How are archaeological sources useful to us?

The archaeological and literary sources of information help historians trace history. Archaeological sources include monuments, temples, inscriptions, coins and weapons. Literary sources include manuscripts, folk tales, poems and biographies of different rulers. A manuscript is any document that is written by hand.

What are the main methods of archaeological excavation?

Techniques used to find a site may include remote sensing (for example, by aerial photography), soil surveys, and walk-through or surface surveys. The digging of shovel tests, augured core samples and, less commonly, trenches may also be used to locate archaeological sites.

How is the archaeological record used to date artifacts?

Archaeologists use that assumption, called the law of superposition, to help determine a relative chronology for the site itself. Then, they use contextual clues and absolute dating techniques to help point to the age of the artifacts found in each layer.

Which of the archaeological research processes do you think would be most difficult Why?

3. Which of the archaeological research process do you think would be most difficult? … The archaeological research project that would be the most difficult would be preservation because if anything big or small is done wrong it could be damaged.

What is the process of archaeological research?

Archaeology is the scientific study of the human past, through excavation and related research. Archaeological projects are conducted in a step-by-step process, much like scientific experiments.

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What are the two main goals of excavation?

To determine the function of remains and reconstruct past behavior (How was it used?) To define the processes of culture to determine how and why cultures change (What was its place in a culture, and how did it change?)

Is Archaeology a science or a humanity?

Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities. In Europe it is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines, while in North America archaeology is a sub-field of anthropology.

What is the main object of archaeological research?

The goals of archaeology are to document and explain the origins and development of human culture, understand culture history, chronicle cultural evolution, and study human behavior and ecology, for both prehistoric and historic societies.

Why is the archaeological record important?

Archaeological theory is used to interpret the archaeological record for a better understanding of human cultures. … The archaeological record is the physical record of human prehistory and history, of why ancient civilizations prospered or failed and why those cultures changed and grew.

When something is absent from the archaeological record?

8. When something is absent from the archaeological record, … it may be intangible, very old, relatively fragile, or simply not found yet. 9.

Why archaeological sources are called direct evidence?

Archaeological sources are ‘direct’ evidences. Explanation: Archaeological sources are direct sources as they cannot be changed or altered by humans. There are four types of archaeological sources: inscriptions, monuments, artefacts and coins.

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Archeology with a shovel