What is a context in Archaeology?

Context: the position of an archaeological find in time and space, established by measuring and assessing its association, matrix and provenience. Context includes and assessment of how an archaeological find got there and what has happened to it since it was buried in the ground.

What is archeological context?

In archaeology, a context is all the information associated to an archaeological element including the provenience (where it is), matrix (the environment in which it was found), and association (the relationships among other artifacts/ecofacts/structures/features).

Why is context important in Archaeology?

Once excavation has taken place, the context of an artifact is preserved only in these documents. Context is extremely important to the archaeologist; it is, in fact, what the discipline of archaeology is based on. It gives artifacts their legal authenticity and archaeological significance (Ford 1977, 14).

What is primary context in Archaeology?

Primary Context – The context of an artifact, feature, or site that has not been disturbed since its original deposition. … Provenience – The three-dimensional context (including geographical location) of an archaeological find, giving information about its function and date.

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What does it mean when archaeological remains are found in context?

Archaeologists preserve the context of artifacts they recover from sites by recording the location of everything they find. The artifact and its context provide more information to the archaeologist than could the artifact alone. When context is lost, information is lost.

Why is context important?

Context is not only important for meaning. … Context is importance because it helps you connect and create a relationship with the reader. It helps you communicate your point of view clearly making it easier to understand. It allows you and others to be more creative.

What is context in Archaeology and why is it so important?

Context is a very, very important concept in archaeology. Unfortunately, it is also one that most people are not very familiar with. Context is the place where an artifact is found, Not just the place but the type of soil, the site type, and what the artifact was found with or in relation to.

What is the difference between systemic and archaeological context?

What is the difference between systemic and archaeological contexts? The systemic context refers to artifacts as they are being used or manipulated by people; the archaeological context refers to natural processes that act on artifacts and features once they are deposited in the ground.

What is an context?

1 : the parts of a discourse that surround a word or passage and can throw light on its meaning. 2 : the interrelated conditions in which something exists or occurs : environment, setting the historical context of the war.

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What is Seriation dating?

In archaeology, seriation is a relative dating method in which assemblages or artifacts from numerous sites in the same culture are placed in chronological order. … Seriation is a standard method of dating in archaeology. It can be used to date stone tools, pottery fragments, and other artifacts.

What is the difference between primary and secondary context?

Primary sources are the historical documents used by historians as evidence. … In contrast, a secondary source is the typical history book which may discuss a person, event or other historical topic. A good secondary source uses primary sources as evidence.

What does BP mean in Archaeology?

B.P. (Before the Present) is the number of years before the present. Because the present changes every year, archaeologists, by convention, use A.D. 1950 as their reference.

What are primary and secondary context in Archaeology?

Context includes and assessment of how an archaeological find got there and what has happened to it since it was buried in the ground. Primary context– a find in the place of use, in original context, undisturbed since placed, lost, etc. … burials, buried house floors., etc. Secondary context.

How far back can stratigraphy date?

These tracks accumulate at a fixed rate, and are good for dates between 20,000 and a couple of billion years ago. (This description is from the Geochronology unit at Rice University.)

What is meant by stratigraphy and how it is useful for investigating the past?

Stratigraphy is the study of layered materials (strata) that were deposited over time—their lateral and vertical relations, as well as their composition. … A geomorphologist studies stratigraphy in order to determine the natural processes, such as floods, that altered and formed local terrain.

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What can mortuary Archaeology tell us?

Mortuary archaeology (or burial archaeology) is the study of human remains in their archaeological context. … Mortuary archaeology, as well as the overarching field it resides in, aims to generate an understanding of disease, migration, health, nutrition, gender, status, and kinship among past populations.

Archeology with a shovel