Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of the human past. It looks at remains and objects left by the people who lived long ago. These remains may include old coins, tools, buildings, and inscriptions. Archaeologists, the people who study archaeology, use these remains to understand how people lived.
What is Archaeology short answer?
Archaeology is the study of the ancient and recent human past through material remains. … Archaeology analyzes the physical remains of the past in pursuit of a broad and comprehensive understanding of human culture.
What is Archaeology definition?
noun. the scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains, especially those that have been excavated.
What is Archaeology and examples?
The definition of archaeology is the study of human history, particularly the culture of historic and prehistoric people through the discovery and exploration of remains, structures and writings. An example of archaeology is examining mummies in tombs. noun.
How is Archaeology important?
Archaeology is important simply because many people like to know, to understand, and to reflect. The study of archaeology satisfies the basic human need to know where we came from, and possibly understand our own human nature.
Who are known as archaeologists?
An archaeologist is a scientist who studies human history by digging up human remains and artifacts. … The word archaeologist can also be spelled archeologist. It comes from the Greek root archaeo-, for “ancient, primitive.”
How many types of Archaeology are there?
There are two major disciplines of archaeology: prehistoric archaeology and historic archaeology. Within these groups are subdisciplines, based on the time period studied, the civilization studied, or the types of artifacts and features studied.
What are 3 examples of artifacts?
Examples include stone tools, pottery vessels, metal objects such as weapons and items of personal adornment such as buttons, jewelry and clothing. Bones that show signs of human modification are also examples.
What are the three goals of Archaeology?
The goals of archaeology are to document and explain the origins and development of human culture, understand culture history, chronicle cultural evolution, and study human behavior and ecology, for both prehistoric and historic societies.
What are the three major values of Archaeology?
Darvill identifies three types of value in archaeology: use-value (present requirements), option value (future possibilities) and existence value (‘because it is there’).
Why are excavations important?
Most important excavations are the result of a prepared plan—that is to say, their purpose is to locate buried evidence about an archaeological site. … Emergency excavations then have to be mounted to rescue whatever knowledge of the past can be obtained before these remains are obliterated forever.