What is GIS and how can archaeologists use it quizlet?

How is GIS used in Archaeology?

Research done using GIS capabilities is used as a decision making tool to prevent loss of relevant information that could impact archaeological sites and studies. … In archaeology, GIS increases the ability to map and record data when it is used directly at the excavation site.

What does GIS stand for quizlet?

GIS stands for Geographic Information Systems.

What is a gumshoe survey?

gumshoe survey. combination of happenstance, hard work, and luck. Only $3.99/month. systematic regional survey. set of strategies for arriving at accurate descriptions of the range of arcaeological material across a landscape.

Which of the following procedures are used by archaeologists to find sites?

Archaeologists use different methods to find sites—surveying the ground, using satellites, or sometimes by accident!

What is the full form of GIS?

Geographic information system

What is GIS system software?

A Geographic Information System (GIS Software) is designed to store, retrieve, manage, display, and analyze all types of geographic and spatial data. GIS software lets you produce maps and other graphic displays of geographic information for analysis and presentation.

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What is a GIS used for?

A geographic information system (GIS) is a system that creates, manages, analyzes, and maps all types of data. GIS connects data to a map, integrating location data (where things are) with all types of descriptive information (what things are like there).

What does GIS stand for in mapping?

A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computer system that analyzes and displays geographically referenced information. It uses data that is attached to a unique location.

Which is an example of a positive feedback loop quizlet?

In a positive feedback system, the output enhances the original stimulus. A good example of a positive feedback system is child birth. During labor, a hormone called oxytocin is released that intensifies and speeds up contractions.

What is an artifact’s provenience?

Provenience is essential to recording an artifact’s context: the relationship of an artifact, ecofact, or feature to other artifacts, features, and geological strata in a site. … from Latin, meaning “in position”‘ the place where an artifact, ecofact, or feature was found during survey or excavation.

What is the meaning of archaeological sites?

An archaeological site is any place where there are physical remains of past human activities. There are many types of archaeological sites. Prehistoric archaeological sites are those without a written record. … Historical archaeology sites are those where archaeologists can use writing to aid their research.

Why does it matter to archaeologists if animals have burrowed through an excavation site?

Archaeologists are concerned with bioturbation because it alters the archaeological context (see Where Context is Crucial). As organisms move through the earth they can affect the archaeological record in several ways.

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What is an example of an Ecofact?

An ecofact is a find at an archaeological site which comes from something living, but which has not been modified by human activity. … Examples are wheat seeds, sheep bones, or seashells at inland sites.

What tools are used by archaeologists?

Shovels, trowels, spades, brushes, sieves, and buckets are some of the more obvious or common tools that an archaeologist may carry with them to most digs.

What is the meaning of archeologists?

An archaeologist is a scientist who studies human history by digging up human remains and artifacts. … The word archaeologist can also be spelled archeologist. It comes from the Greek root archaeo-, for “ancient, primitive.”

Archeology with a shovel