When artifacts or features are described as in situ, archaeologists mean they are left. In a place, where they were originally used or discared.
What is a feature in archeology?
In archaeological excavation, a feature is a collection of one or more contexts representing some human non-portable activity, such as a hearth or wall. … Features and artifacts differ from ecofacts. Ecofacts are natural remains, such as plants and animals.
What is the term used to indicate that an artifact is being documented in the place where it was found?
In archaeology and paleontology, the derived term provenience is used with a related but very particular meaning, to refer to the location (in modern research, recorded precisely in three dimensions) where an artifact or other ancient item was found. Provenance covers an object’s complete documented history.
What is the difference between a feature and an artifact read carefully?
What is the difference between a feature and an artifact? A feature is simply an artifact that cannot be removed from the archaeological site. … Only archaeology can look through long stretches of time and directly examine evolutionary trends.
Is an example of an archaeological feature?
A feature in archaeology and especially excavation is a collection of one or more contexts representing some human non-portable activity that generally has a vertical characteristic to it in relation to site stratigraphy. Examples of features are pits, walls, and ditches.
What are 3 examples of artifacts?
Examples include stone tools, pottery vessels, metal objects such as weapons and items of personal adornment such as buttons, jewelry and clothing. Bones that show signs of human modification are also examples.
What are the types of Archaeology?
There are several different kinds of archaeology: prehistoric, historic, classical, and underwater, to name a few. These often overlap. For example, when archaeologists studied the wreck of the Civil War ironclad, the Monitor, they were doing both historic and underwater archaeology.
Why are excavations important?
Most important excavations are the result of a prepared plan—that is to say, their purpose is to locate buried evidence about an archaeological site. … Emergency excavations then have to be mounted to rescue whatever knowledge of the past can be obtained before these remains are obliterated forever.
What does provenience mean?
Provenience has two meanings: the place of discovery and the place of origin. … Provenience also means the place of origin, or source, the place from where an artifact, object, or person came; the term might refer to the place of manufacture.
What is created to easily label where an artifact was found?
A cross-reference card should be placed in sequence with the other artifacts from the provenience where the “diagnostic” might otherwise have been stored, in order to indicate where the artifact can be found. Always use bags that have white label panels when grouping smaller artifact bags into larger ones.
What is an example of an Ecofact?
An ecofact is a find at an archaeological site which comes from something living, but which has not been modified by human activity. … Examples are wheat seeds, sheep bones, or seashells at inland sites.
What is Archaeology in simple words?
Archaeology is the study of the ancient and recent human past through material remains. Archaeologists might study the million-year-old fossils of our earliest human ancestors in Africa.
What are characteristics of artifacts?
Artifacts have natural objects as their source, artifacts are assemblies of components, and the raw material of these components is based in natural objects.” IT artifacts are “ … constructs, models, methods, and instantiations.”
What are the three features of archaeological sources?
Answer: The Archaeological Source can again be divided into three groups, namely, Archaeological Remains and Monuments, Inscriptions and Coins . Every trace of past human activity is an archaeological resource.
Which of the following is an example of a feature in an archaeological excavation?
Which of the following is an example of a feature in an archaeological excavation? the pit of a post for a house.
Is a fire pit an archaeological feature?
Bones and seeds found in fire pits indicate the diet of that area. In archaeological terms fire pits are referred to as features because they can be seen and recorded as part of the site but cannot be moved without being destroyed.