Translated from the French by A.M. Sheridan Smith. Paperback – January 1, 1994.
Who wrote the archeology of knowledge?
What is Foucault’s Archeology?
Archeology. Archeology is the term Foucault gives to his method, which seeks to describe discourses in the conditions of their emergence and transformation rather than in their deeper, hidden meaning, their propositional or logical content, or their expression of an individual or collective psychology.
Why did Foucault believe in an archeology of knowledge?
Archaeology was an essential method for Foucault because it supported a historiography that did not rest on the primacy of the consciousness of individual subjects; it allowed the historian of thought to operate at an unconscious level that displaced the primacy of the subject found in both phenomenology and in …
How does Foucault define statement?
Summary. Foucault has strayed quite far from the basic element on which his methodology must operate: the statement. … The statement is not defined by its propositional content, since two identical propositions can have different enunciative characteristics depending on their location within separate discourses.
Is archeology a science?
Archaeology, archeology, or archæology is the science that studies human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains and landscapes.
What is a discursive formation?
The term discursive formation identifies and describes written and spoken statements with semantic relations that produce discourses. As a researcher, Foucault applied the discursive formation to analyses of large bodies of knowledge, e.g political economy and natural history.
What is the relationship between power and knowledge?
According to Foucault’s understanding, power is based on knowledge and makes use of knowledge; on the other hand, power reproduces knowledge by shaping it in accordance with its anonymous intentions. Power (re-) creates its own fields of exercise through knowledge.
How does power produce knowledge?
Foucault uses the term ‘power/knowledge’ to signify that power is constituted through accepted forms of knowledge, scientific understanding and ‘truth’: … In fact power produces; it produces reality; it produces domains of objects and rituals of truth.
What is repressive power?
The repressive hypothesis is the argument that power has repressed sex for the past three hundred years. … According to this hypothesis, we can achieve political liberation and sexual liberation simultaneously if we free ourselves from this repression by talking openly about sex, and enjoying it more frequently.
Who translated Foucault’s the order of things?
Foucault, Michel. The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. Translated by Alan Sheridan. New York: Vintage Books, 1994.
Who said that knowledge is a complete unified system of thought?
The ToK System is part of a larger Unified Theory of Knowledge that Henriques describes as a consilient scientific humanistic philosophy for the 21st Century.
Is Foucault structuralist or post structuralist?
Writers whose works are often characterised as post-structuralist include: Roland Barthes, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Judith Butler, Jean Baudrillard and Julia Kristeva, although many theorists who have been called “post-structuralist” have rejected the label.
How does Foucault define history?
Instead of presenting a monolithic version of a given period, Foucault argues that we must reveal how any given period reveals “several pasts, several forms of connexion, several hierarchies of importance, several networks of determination, several teleologies, for one and the same science, as its present undergoes …
What are the two main types of power according to Foucault?
As modes of power in democracies, Foucault explicitly identified:
- Sovereign power.
- Disciplinary power.
- Pastoral power.
What is the meaning of will to knowledge by Foucault?
The Will to Knowledge. … Foucault sketches a notion of power in Discipline and Punish, but his conception of power is primarily expounded only in a work published the following year in 1976, the first volume of his History of Sexuality, with the title The Will to Knowledge.