What is fossil correlation evidence?

What does fossil evidence prove?

Fossils provide solid evidence that organisms from the past are not the same as those found today; fossils show a progression of evolution. … The resulting fossil record tells the story of the past and shows the evolution of form over millions of years.

What is an example of fossil evidence?

Examples include bones, shells, exoskeletons, stone imprints of animals or microbes, objects preserved in amber, hair, petrified wood, oil, coal, and DNA remnants. The totality of fossils is known as the fossil record. … Specimens are usually considered to be fossils if they are over 10,000 years old.

How can fossils be used as evidence for continental drift?

There are many examples of fossils found on separate continents and nowhere else, suggesting the continents were once joined. If Continental Drift had not occurred, the alternative explanations would be: They swam to the other continent/s in breeding pairs to establish a second population. …

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What are 5 pieces of evidence that support continental drift?

The evidence for continental drift included the fit of the continents; the distribution of ancient fossils, rocks, and mountain ranges; and the locations of ancient climatic zones.

Where is the richest source of fossils found?

Sedimentary rocks are the richest source of fossils.

Sedimentary rocks form from layers of sand and silt that are carried by rivers to seas and swamps, where the minerals settle to the bottom along with the remains of organisms. As deposits pile up, they compress older sediments below them into layers called strata.

What are 4 types of evidence that support evolution?

Evidence for evolution: anatomy, molecular biology, biogeography, fossils, & direct observation.

What are the 4 types of fossils?

Different types of fossils. True form, cast, mold, and trace fossils.

How is fossil formed?

Fossils are formed in different ways, but most are formed when a plant or animal dies in a watery environment and is buried in mud and silt. Soft tissues quickly decompose leaving the hard bones or shells behind. Over time sediment builds over the top and hardens into rock.

What are the three types of fossil evidence?

Describe the Types of Fossils

According to “Enchanted Learning,” archaeologists use three main types of fossil: the true form fossil, trace fossil and mold fossil; a fourth type is the cast fossil.

What are 3 pieces of evidence for Pangea?

Alfred Wegener, in the first three decades of this century, and DuToit in the 1920s and 1930s gathered evidence that the continents had moved. They based their idea of continental drift on several lines of evidence: fit of the continents, paleoclimate indicators, truncated geologic features, and fossils.

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What piece of evidence is considered the strongest evidence for Pangea?

Finally, the strongest evidence for the existence of Pangaea is something called paleomagnetism. Some rocks have minerals inside ofthem that are magnetic, and when the rock forms those magnetic minerals will line up and point to the North Pole.

Can you still remember the evidence of the continental drift theory?

Fossil Evidence

One type of evidence that strongly supported the Theory of Continental Drift is the fossil record. Fossils of similar types of plants and animals in rocks of a similar age have been found on the shores of different continents, suggesting that the continents were once joined.

How fast did Pangea break apart?

This is most dramatically seen between North America and Africa during Pangea’s initial rift some 240 million years ago. At that time, the slabs of rock that carried these present-day continents crawled apart from each other at a rate of a millimeter a year. They remained in this slow phase for about 40 million years.

What is the evidence of Pangea?

The rock formations of eastern North America, Western Europe, and northwestern Africa were later found to have a common origin, and they overlapped in time with the presence of Gondwanaland. Together, these discoveries supported the existence of Pangea.

What does Pangea mean in Greek?

Pangea’s existence was first proposed in 1912 by German meteorologist Alfred Wegener as a part of his theory of continental drift. Its name is derived from the Greek pangaia, meaning “all the Earth.”

Archeology with a shovel